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秦朝的灭亡

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秦朝即将死亡

秦始皇去世后,太监赵高与胡海(230年前~207年前)和李思(大约284年前~208年前)勾结,形成了李海海作为皇帝的意志,给了皇帝秦始皇的长子帮助苏。秦二胡是愚蠢的,并不具备秦始皇控制各地阻力的能力。 1979年7月,陈胜(?208年前),吴光(?~208)因失职可能被判处死刑,他冒风险并带领变革,势头巨大。这六个国家的老贵族也借机开始了他们的军队,世界上有一种针对秦国的局面。

例如,在陈胜的起义之后,老楚着名的湘燕的儿子梁启兵作出回应。向良带领八千名儿童过河,军队扩大到67万人。连战赢了。岳族和贵族的祖先带领人们跟随秦凡阳和吴昊对抗秦。该县前馆刘沛和一部分罪犯逃到山上,还袭击了裴玲,他们被列入香梁军。向亮李楚怀王的孙子是楚王,楚国恢复了。其他附庸国也在同一时期恢复。秦朝散落在驻军的东边,被各自打破。

当时,赵薇(大约240年前137年前)在南海县,50万秦正规军的部队没有向北进行救援,南岭边防部队的军队传达了危险防御的指示,防止中原起义军入侵和独立。做个王。此时,赵军以外的秦军主力30万,匈奴沿西北长城进行了防御。

在209年的冬天,陈胜部率领周文等人带领部队前往咸阳。咸阳此时没有多少兵力。为了提高军队,通过张an(~~205年前)的建议,秦二国原谅了庐山犯罪分子(各种非法劳动人员),并让他们参军,并让咸阳富裕家庭的奴隶(类似奴隶成为平民,健康的成年男性加入军队,组成一支约20万人的大军。并任命张伟为将军,带领这支新军进入叛乱分子,击败周文和陈胜(被司机击败并杀死)后,立即摧毁了魏王奇,齐王天等武装力量(战国时期,全民都是士兵。健康的成年男子经过严格的军事训练。虽然他们是秦朝,但他们不再是所有的士兵,而是更接近战国,30岁以上的罪犯应该是士兵。因此,这些罪犯,与咸阳附近的正规士兵一起,可以很快烧结好斗士。)

面对张健强大的攻势,在208年8月,湘亮率领楚军支援齐国的反秦势力。在东阿(现在山东阳谷东北部),他击败了张军秦军,并将军队带到了西部。当他到达定陶时,他又一次击败了秦军。经过长时间的连续战争,张伟领导的20万犯罪分子遭受了很多损失,他们处于持续失败的状态。如果你没有得到及时的帮助,它将不可避免地完全崩溃。这时,向亮要求赵军和齐君一起来加入这一章。但是,由于各种原因,他们都没有派兵加入祥良军队。

到了9月,随着秦军增援部队的到来,张军的军队康复了。攻打梁军,在定陶(今山东定陶西北)击败楚军,杀死了梁。这表明附庸军队很容易独自对抗秦军的主力军。

张伟认为,楚军的主力已经消灭,并且已经转移到北方,与上君县(陕西省榆林市东南部)的国王行动一致。从那时起,王立军就围住了张尔和赵王驻扎的巨鹿城(现河北萍乡)。张军军队负责粮食和草地的繁重运输。

赵王派遣一名使者到全国各地的反秦部队寻求帮助。赵王领导的陈军领导的数万名赵军在巨鹿城北部扎营。他们没有冒险在被围困的城市攻击秦军,而是等待各种增援部队的到来。毫无疑问,这是一个明显而正确的决定。张尔的儿子张伟也收集了数千名驻扎在军队旁边的人。

在收到赵国的资料后,楚决定让宋毅将军,项羽作为第二任将军,范曾为最后将军,并带领楚军救赵。此外,刘邦带领部分楚军向西,并指向关中。

208年10月,严国也派兵派阎拯救赵。在齐国掌权的向国拒绝派兵帮赵,因为赵国以前曾保留过他的政敌。十月,齐将反抗田田,并派兵拯救赵。 12月,田安私下带领军队跟随楚军拯救赵。十二月,魏国王魏国王来到赵国。各地的王子和士兵聚集在巨鹿附近,逐渐形成了东方诸侯国军队的大集合,并在不经意间形成了一场战斗的机会。

宋一贝到安阳,留下来。项羽扼杀了宋毅,带领部队过河,切断了巨鹿与脊椎之间的斜坡,袭击了秦军围攻巨鹿的国王,其他反秦军队看到了局势并参与了战斗。王力被秦军包围着,嘿,他们几乎所有人都被清除了。由于项羽首先攻击了秦军并表现了英勇,他被各种反秦军队提升为领主。

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王力领导的近20万秦军正在围攻巨鹿。张伟的20万秦军驻扎在河脊(当时的黄河)。秦军近40万人是镇压抗秦势力的主力军。你必须知道,在昌平战争期间(前260年),赵国需要向秦国派遣更多军队。虽然当时六国的反秦军队可能不强大,但当时他们可能没有强大的军事实力。它不会有太大的不同。

包括赵国军在内的附庸国军队聚集在巨鹿。项羽攻击秦军后,估计不会有40万士兵,应该超过30万人。这不包括庞大的后勤支援人员。面对40万的秦军,基本上是一场精彩的比赛,这可能是一场战斗。从表面上看,秦军的情况实际上是非常不利的,主要是在这六个国家的时候,秦朝部队已基本得到清理。这次,巨鹿战场远离秦朝可以依赖的原始秦国地区。可以说,秦军独自一人,导致物流供给成为一个大问题。这就是40万秦军分为两部分的原因。当时由张伟率领的20万强秦军驻扎在黄河岸边,从关中平原经过黄河接收粮食和草地运输,然后陆运到巨鹿。巨鹿距离脊柱近100公里,狭窄的运输通道需要加以保护。这也是对力量的浪费,但很容易被切断。由于需要在物流上花费后勤用品,40万秦军不得不在秦军上花费20万军队。更重要的是,由于巨鹿的包围,这位20万人的国王实际上处于一个循环分散的状态。面对周围成千上万的反秦势力,如果没有意外,被歼灭是正常的。当时,秦军的军事装备和军人素质优于王子。如果20万国王从军队聚集在一起并面对大量的附庸国家军队,那么就很难说结果。

当围绕赵军的秦军在昌平战役期间能够消灭赵军时,他在巨鹿战役期间围攻增援部队而被歼灭。由于力量的差距,有不同的结果是正常的。同样,如果昌平战争,其他附庸国大大协助赵国,就有可能扭转局面。

If there is any strategic mistake in the Qin army during the Battle of the Giant Deer, it is also because of the overdraft of the previous forces, Qin Jun has no strength to arrange the assembly war, but inadvertently formed a conference war, which is itself a big mistake. Qin Jun should be surrounded by aids. When a new aid force arrives, he should promptly choose the opportunity to defeat the other side's reinforcements, instead of turning a blind eye, delaying the time, allowing the other side's various reinforcements to gather together, and eventually forming an unfavorable situation in the general assembly. If the Qin army does not have the ability to fight for help, it should not be hard-supported. It should be judged by the situation and promptly withdrawn and then withdrawn, thus avoiding the chance of this battle. As long as the main force of the Qin army retreats, it is difficult to say the outcome. The six-nation army will either return to each country, or even for a long time. The Qin Dynasty government has the opportunity to reconcile with the six countries. Perhaps the situation in the world will return to the state of the Warring States period. If the six-nation army unites against the West and attacks the Qin, the situation is not too bad. The main force of the Qin army can organize a sniper battle in the former Qin State. The transportation distance of grain and grass is convenient, and it does not need to spend a lot of troops. The transportation distance of the six countries' army and grass is much longer, and the resources consumed are much more. This will make the victory of the Qin army more than that.

Of course, Zhang Jun’s field mode, which led the army’s speedy and quick decision, was no better, and the vassal army did not have a chance to gather. The unfortunateness of Qin Jun was ruined by the separation of Wang Li’s attack.

The surrender (unfortunately, Xiang Yu, after getting so many surrendered soldiers, faced the same situation as Bai Bai, was not good at driving, worried about accidents, and finally simply lost the trust to kill these people). This change of Zhang Wei is a crucial influence on the bottom of the Qin Dynasty. With the situation of Zhang Wei, it is not difficult to understand why Zhao Wei in the Lingnan area turned a blind eye to the situation in the Qin Dynasty at a crucial moment. It can be said that Zhao Gao and Hu Hai ruined the Qin Dynasty. The arbitrariness of Hu Hai and the insidiousness of Zhao Gao made the upper class of the Qin Dynasty eccentric. It is hoped that the demise of the Qin Dynasty seemed to be the consensus of the people at that time.

xxChu Wang sent Liu Bangxi into the Guanzhong, Liu Bangyu returned to the west, took Wuguan, and went to Xianyang. At that time, Qin II had been killed by Zhao Gao. The son of the infant had gone to the emperor, and he was called Qin Wang. He surrendered to Liu Bang in the first 207 years. Liu Bang captured Xianyang and Qin died. Liu Bang abolished the harsh laws of Qin. He only had three chapters of the law: "The murderer died, wounded and stolen", and won the support of the Qin people.

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